Kalyanji Anandji

Kalyanji and Anandji have been on a consistently successful career.Their approach to music was more like a hobby than a profession.Very down to earth , and seldom self-centred or egoistic they tasted success like all along their career.

Kalyanji (d.o.b-1928) and Anandji (d.o.b-1933) were born to Virji Shah. Their father migrated from Kutch to Mumbai to start a Kirana (provision store) business.Kalyanji and Anandji began to learn music from a music teacher who could not afford to pay his bills to their father.

Kalyanji began an orchestral group called Kalyanji Virji and Party - Show Ki Duniya, which organized musical, shows in Mumbai and outside. Through his contacts he had also become a film musician. Top singers like Manna Dey and Hemant Kumar would participate in them. Both Kalyanji and Anandji were assistants to Hemant Kumar who was their mentor.

Kalyanji Anandji's arrival at Bombay film industry as music composer was a turning point. When Big- Big stars like S.D Burman, Hemant Kumar,Madan Mohan, Naushad, and Ravi were composing music in Hindi films, and that time was the golden time of film music, it was very tough to make a place among them. Still they came, and won the heart and mind of Indian people. And in future also, the music director duo will go on soothing our heart with their never-aging music. We can not forget them any how.

The Bharat Bhushan - Nirupa Roy hit, Samrat Chandragupta (1959) was his first film as Kalyanji Virji Shah. It’s songs like ‘Chahe Paas Ho’ (Lata - Rafi) are remembered to this day. Followed a few more films alone like Post Box 999 before Anandji who was assisting him, joined him officially to form the Kalyanji - Anandji duo in Satta Bazar and Madari (1959). Chalia (1961) was their earliest major hit. But the Raj Kapoor factor branded them as pale imitators of Shankar - Jaikishan even as ‘Dum Dum Diga Diga’, Chalia Mera Naam", and ‘Mere Toote Hue Dil Se’ swept the charts. Their struggle continued till 1965 when two decisive scores, 1000 Himalay Ki God Mein and Jab Jab Phool Khile, established them as composers to reckon with.

Kalyanji-Anandji's variety-studded music is replete with some of the topmost songs of all singers and genres, and two of their cult songs are Mere desh ki dharti (Upkar) and Yaari hai imaan mera (Zanjeer) by Mahendra Kapoor and Manna Dey respectively. There was a line of big hits like 'Zanjeer', 'Hath Ki Safai', 'Hera Pheri', 'Muqaddar Ka Sikandar', and behind the success of these films Kalyanji Anandji's music had a great contribution.

Mukesh has sung 91 songs for Kalyanji Anandji, which is more than for anyone else. Beginning with Naina hai jadoo bhare (Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane), he sang a virtual hit parade of solos and duets for us, besides some evergreen Gujarati numbers and a timeless Jain bhajan. We always tried to compose songs with syllables that heightened the appeal of his nasal voice, like Chandan sa badan (Saraswati Chandra) and Main to ek khwab hoon (Himalay Ki God Mein). He was also our first choice for fresh faces and small artistes, for his presence guaranteed a hit.

After Mukesh, their closest rapport was with Kishore Kumar, and their joint oeuvre spans everything from fun songs (Jai Govindam jai Gopalam from Aansoo Aur Muskan) to folk (Khaike paan from Don), classical (Priye praneshwari from Hum Tum Aur Woh), romantic (Pal pal dil ke paas from Blackmail) to pathos-filled paeans (Mera jeevan kora kagaz from Kora Kagaz). Also their favorite was Mohammed Rafi, whom Anandji remembers as "a versatile, technically perfect singer who was devoted to work and to perfection.

Hemant Kumar helped tone their talents as well, and Anandji is happy that the few songs that Hemantda did sing for them, like O neend na mujhko aaye (Post Box 999) and Tumhein yaad hoga (Satta Bazaar), were hits. They also helped introduce or give career defining breaks to lyricists like Anand Bakshi, Gulshan Bawra, Anjaan, Verma Malik and M G Hashmat, they held them all in high esteem as invaluable contributors to their music, along with Rajendra Krishan, Indeevar and Qamar Jalalabadi, all veterans.

The rapport that Kalyanji and Anandji struck with every singer was as much personal as professional. Lata Mangeshkarwas a regular at Kalyanji's place for Kutchi home-cooked food, and Asha Bhosle who would frequently invite them over. Himalaya Ki God Mein, Saraswatichandra, Kora Kagaz, were dominated by Lata Mangeshkar as she sang beautifully in these films and she bagged her first National Award for their Roothe roothe piya from Kora Kagaz. In the late 1970s O Asha Bhosle did hit numbers with them 'saathi re tere bina bhi kya jeena' from Muqaddar Ka Sikander and 'Yeh mera dil' from Don .

Both Kalyanji and Anandji worked as musicians for over 400 films. The factor behind their success is hard work apart from their talent. They were never self-centered, and egoistic in nature. The spiritually inclined two brothers opened up a new horizon in Bollywood. As they used to put back a major portion of what they earned for society and several charitable work. Another quality to be mentioned is that they were tireless in discovering new talents and grooming them as well. Kumar Sanu now became a very popular singer, first got break from Kalyanji Anandji.

On August 24, 2000, Kalyanji breathed his last but his era with Anandji will always be remembered for their great contributions.

Awards And Honors:

Award Movie

Filmfare Award - 1974 Kora Kagaz

Filmfare Award - 1968 Saraswati Chandra

Best Of Kalyanji-Anandji :

Song & Movie



Mera Jeevan Kora Kagaz - Kora Kagaz

Chandan sa badan - Saraswati Chandra

Fool tumhe bheja hai khat main - Saraswati Chandra

Yaari hai meri imaan - Zanjeer

Khaaike Paan Banaaras Wala - Don

Yeh mera dil yaar ka deewana - Don

Laila O Laila - Qurbani

Aap Jaisa Koi Meri Zindagi Mein Aaye - Qurbani

Dum Dum Diga Diga - Chhaliya

Kasme waade pyaar wafaa sab - Upkaar

Mere desh ki dharti - Upkaar

Zindagi Ka Safar Hai Ye Kaisa Safar - Safar

Jeevan Se Bhari Teri Aankhen - Safar

Jo Tumko Ho Pasand Wahi Baat - Safar

As Music Director

Ulfat Ke Nayee Manzilen (1994)

Dharam Sankat (1991)

Ghar Parivar (1991)

Iraada (1991)

Kaun Kare Kurbani (1991)

Naya Zaher (1991)

Pratigyabadh (1991)

C.I.D (1990)

Nache Nagin Gali Gali (1990)

Pyaar Ka Toofan (1990)

Tridev (1989)

Izhaar (1989)

Jaadugar (1989)

Rukhsat (1988)

Saazish (1988)

Sherni (1988)

Mahaveera (1988)

Mohabbat Ke Dushman (1988)

Falak (1988)

Thikana (1987)

Hirasaat (1987)

Imaandaar (1987)

Jhanjhaar (1987)

Kalyug Aur Ramayan (1987)

Nasihat (1986)

Pahunche Huwe Log (1986)

Sultanat (1986)

Jaanbaaz (1986)

Baat Ban Jaye (1986)

Chameli Ki Shaadi (1986)

Mangal Dada (1986)

Karishma Kudrat Ka (1985)

Ek Chitthi Pyar Bhari (1985)

Pighalta Aasman (1985)

Yudh (1985)

Raaj Tilak (1984)

Dharm Aur Qanoon (1984)

Yahan Wahan (1984)

Nastik (1983)

Taqdeer (1983)

Log Kya Kahenge (1983)

Haadsaa (1983)

Ghungroo (1983)

Rustom (1982)

Raaj Mahal (1982)

Khush Naseeb (1982)

Vidhaata (1982)

Aakhri Mujra (1981)

Commander (1981)

Haqdaar (1981)

Itni Si Baat (1981)

Kkatilon Ke Kaatil (1981)

Khoon Ka Rishta (1981)

Laawaris (1981)

Main Aur Mera Haathi (1981)

Professor Pyarelal (1981)

Qurbani (1981)

Yeh Rishta Nat Toote (1981)

Bombay 405 Miles (1980)

Desh Drohi (1980)

Do Shatru (1980)

Jwalamukhi (1980)

Kashish (1980)

Neeyat (1980)

Sau Din Saas Ke (1980)

Naalayak (1979)

Ahinsa (1979)

Bagula Bhagat (1979)

Guru Ho Ja Shuru (1979)

Jaandar (1979)

Anjam (1978)

Anjane Mein (1978)

Atithee (1978)

Be-Sharam (1978)

Chor Ke Ghar Chor (1978)

Do Musafir (1978)

Don (1978)

Ganga Ki Saugandh (1978)

Karmyogi (1978)

Muqaddar Ka Sikandar (1978)

Nasbandi (1978)

Rahu Ketu (1978)

Aakhri Daku (1978)

Trishna (1978)

Chaalu Mera Naam (1977)

Chakkar Pe Chakkar (1977)

Darinda (1977)

Yaaron Ka Yaar (1977)

Farishtya Ya Qatil (1977)

Hatyara (1977)

Hira Aur Patthar (1977)

Kala Baaz (1977)

Kasam Khoon Ki (1977)

Khel Khilari Ka (1977)

Khel Kismat Ka (1977)

Khoon Pasina (1977)

Naami Chor (1977)

Aakhari Goli (1977)

Lagaam (1976)

Rangila Rattan (1976)

Sankoch (1976)

Hera Pheri (1976)

Jai Bajrang Bali (1976)

Kabeela (1976)

Kalicharan (1976)

Ek Se Badhkar Ek (1976)

Khan Dost (1976)

Bairaag (1976)

Do Anjane (1976)

Adalat (1976)

Shanker Shambhu (1976)

Do Thug (1975)

Anokha (1975)

Apne Dushman (1975)

Bhula Bhatka (1975)

Chori Mera Kaam (1975)

Dharmatma (1975)

Faraar (1975)

Himalaya Se Ooncha (1975)

Monto (1975)

Rafoo Chakkar (1975)

Uljhan (1975)

Zoro (1975)

Shubh Din (1974)

Vachan (1974)

Vardan (1974)

Five Rifles (1974)

Haath Ki Safai (1974)

Har Har Mahadev (1974)

Humrahi (1974)

Jeevan Sangram (1974)

Kasauti (1974)

Kora Kagaz (1974)

Albeli (1974)

Anjan Raahen (1974)

Chhattan singh (1974)

Paap Aur Punya (1974)

Patthar Aur Payal (1974)

Pocketmar (1974)

Raaja Kaka (1974)

Agni Rekha (1973)

Banarasi Babu (1973)

Blackmail (1973)

Ek Kunwari Ek Kunwara (1973)

Ghulam Begum Badshah (1973)

Heera (1973)

Kahani Kismat Ki (1973)

Kashmakash (1973)

Samjhauta (1973)

Zanjeer (1973)

Joroo Ka Ghulam (1972)

Sub Ka Saathi (1972)

Victoria No. 203 (1972)

Anokhee Pehchan (1972)

Apradh (1972)

Ek Hasina Do Diwane (1972)

Hari Darshan (1972)

Jaanwar Aur Insaan (1972)

Lalakar (1972)

Maalik (1972)

Manavataa (1972)

Aage Badho (1972)

Upasna (1971)

Kangan (1971)

Joi Bangladesh (1971)

Chhoti Bahu (1971)

Hum Tum Aur Woh (1971)

Johar Mehmood In Hong Kong (1971)

Maryada (1971)

Kathputli (1971)

Paras (1971)

Preet Ki Dori (1971)

Rakhwala (1971)

Yaadgar (1970)

Sachaa Jhutha (1970)

Safar (1970)

Jhonny Mera Naam (1970)

Kab ? Kyon ? Aur Kahan ? (1970)

Mere Humsafar (1970)

Holi Aaye Re (1970)

Geet (1970)

Ghar Ghar Ki Kahani (1970)

Gopi (1970)

Aansoo Aur Muskan (1970)

Priya (1970)

Purab Aur Pachhim (1970)

Bandhan (1969)

Ek Shriman Ek Shrimati (1969)

Mahal (1969)

Nannha Farishta (1969)

Tamanna (1969)

Vishwas (1969)

Raja Saheb (1969)

Saraswatichandra (1968)

Suhag Raat (1968)

Teen Bahuraniyan (1968)

Hasina Man Jayegi (1968)

Juari (1968)

Baazi (1968)

Aamne Samne (1967)

Dil Ne Pukara (1967)

Raaz (1967)

Upkar (1967)

Mera Munna (1967)

Parivar (1967)

Preet Na Jane Reet (1966)

Johar In Kashmir (1966)

Himalay Ki God Mein (1965)

Jab Jab Phool Khilen (1965)

Johar Mehmood In Goa (1965)

Purnima (1965)

Saheli (1965)

Birju Ustad (1964)

Dulha Dulhan (1964)

Ishara (1964)

Ji Chahta Hai (1964)

Majboor (1964)

Bluff Master (1963)

Kahin Pyar Na Ho Jaye (1963)

Phool Bane Angare (1963)

Sunheri Nagin (1963)

Mehandi Lagi Mere Haath (1962)

Gangu Dada (1962)

Pyase Panchhi (1961)

Passport (1961)

Chhalia (1960)

Delhi Junction (1960)

Dil Bhi Tera Hum Bhi Tere (1960)

Satta Bazar (1959)

Chandrasena (1959)

Ghar Ghar Ki Baat (1959)

Madari (1959)

O Tera Kya Kehana (1959)

Bedard Zamana Kya Jaane (1959)

Post Box 999 (1958)

Samrat Chandragupta (1958)

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, their work was introduced to a young Western audience by three albums. 'Bombay The Hard Way: Guns Cars And Sitars' was a mix album put together by US DJ Dan The Automator; 'Bollywood Funk' was an Outcaste compilation album put together by Sutrasonic DJs Harv and Sunni; while 'The Beginners Guide To Bollywood' was compiled by John Lewis from Time Out magazine. All three of these records concentrated on Kalyanji Anandji tracks from 1970s films that featured funk breakbeats, wah-wah guitars and Motown-style orchestrations.

Kalyanji died on August 24, 2000.

Their songs repeatedly entered top popularity ratings of Binaca Geetmala and topped the list many times. Some of their notable compositions, by song title, are as follows:

* "Bekhudi Mein Sanam" (Haseena Maan Jayegi, 1968)

* "Chahe Paas Ho" (Samrat Chandragupta, 1959)

* "Chandan Sa Badan" (Saraswatichandra, 1968)

* "Chhalia Mera Naam" (Chhalia, 1960)

* "Dum Dum Diga Diga" (Chhalia, 1960)

* "Jeevan Se Bhari Teri Aankhen" (Safar, 1970)

* "Jo Tumko Ho Pasand Wahi Baat Karenge" (Safar, 1970)

* "Khaike Paan Banaraswala" (Don, 1978)

* "Kya Hua Kya Nahin" (Yudh, 1985)

* "Laila O Laila" (Qurbani, 1980)

* "Main To Ek Khwab Hoon" (Himalay Ki God Mein, 1965)

* "Mere Desh Ki Dharti" (Upkar, 1967)

* "Mera Jeevan Kora Kagaz" (Kora Kagaz, 1973) — this soundtrack won a Filmfare Award and topped in

Binaca Geetmala for the year 1974.

* "Mere Toote Hue Dil Se" (Chhalia, 1960)

* "Phool Tumhe Bheja Hai Khat Main" (Saraswatichandra, 1968)

* "Qasme Wade Pyar Wafa" (Upkar, 1967)

* "Salaam-e-ishq Meri Jaan" (Muqaddar Ka Sikander 1978)

* "Tirchi Topiwale" (Tridev, 1989)

* "Yaari Hai Meri Imaan" (Zanjeer, 1973)

* "Yeh Mera Dil" (Don, 1978)

* "Yudh Kar" (Yudh, 1985)

* "Zindagi Ka Safar Hai Ye Kaisa Safar" (Safar, 1970)

* "My Guru" ("Thicker Than Water", 2003)

* "PAL PAL DIL KE PAAS" ("BLACKMAIL") "1973"

With Prakash Mehra they gave music for his following films :-

* Zanjeer

* Haath Ki Safai

* Hera Pheri

* Muqaddar Ka Sikandar

* Laawaris

* Ghungroo

For Manoj Kumar

* Upkar

* Purab Aur Paschim